International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration

  • The International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (INSDC) is a long-standing foundational initiative that operates between DDBJ, EMBL-EBI and NCBI. INSDC covers the spectrum of data raw reads, through alignments and assemblies to functional annotation, enriched with contextual information relating to samples and experimental configurations.


Next generation readsSequence Read Archive

European Nucleotide

Archive (ENA)

Sequence Read Archive
Capillary readsTrace ArchiveTrace Archive
Annotated sequencesDDBJGenBank


  • The INSDC advisory board, the International Advisory Committee, is made up of members of each of the databases' advisory bodies. The International Advisory Committee published a paper reiterating the importance of depositing data to INSDC.
  • Individuals submitting data to the international sequence databases should be aware of INSDC policy.

How to submit data

  • For full details of how to submit data to the databases, please select a collaborating partner.
  • DDBJ, ENA, GenBank
  • The INSDC Feature Table Definition Document is available here.